A North Korean scientist would be reminded of Kim Jong-hui whenever they think about Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD) and FMD control. Kim Jong-hui is admittedly the father of quarantine against FMD in North Korea, having his funeral twice in honor.
Kim Jong-hui, is a scientist who attained his PhD for establishing a quarantine system for FMD and utilizing the FMD vaccine. Kim Jong-hui was born in 1909 in Moonduk in the province of Pyongnam North Korea.
Being born into a wealthy family, he studied abroad at Japan's Hokkaido Agricultural University, then worked at Livestock Hygiene Research Institute in Busan, South Korea. After Korea was liberated from Japan, Kim recieved a message from Kim Il-sung via secret emissary and returned to his hometown in North Korea, in January, 1947.
Afterwards, he was made the vice-dean of agricultural department in Kim Il-sung University, the director of Veterinary Medicine Research Institute, and the chairman of North Korean Federation of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries in 1949. In 1956, while he was working as the vice-director of Veterinary Medicine Research Institute under the Academy of Agricultural Science, he received the PhD for his research on FMD vaccine and ultilizing it among the farms.
Though he recieved the Kim Il-sung Award, the most prestigious award in North Korea, his life had not been all that smooth. In early 1970s, following the debut of Kim Jong-il and his resident registration program and social background investigation, Kim Jong-hui was removed from the executive position because his father had been a landowner. He was emotionally distressed as he got demoted to the status of ordinary researcher. However, until he died, he lived in a high-rise apartment in Potonggang District, which is said to be given by Kim Jong-il to scientists and artists who are recognized for their prominent contribution to the government.
He left behind many articles and sceintific achievements. His major publication is called "Immunobiology (1996, the photo above)." This was published after his death through the effort of Kim Soon, his youngest child and the current vice-director at the Institute of Biology under National Academy of Science.
There's a noteworthy story related to his death. Before he died, he had retired from the Institute of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry under the Academy of Agricultural Science. While he struggled to write papers after his retirement, he ended up dying of malnutrition; even though he was recognized as a prominent scholar, he could not afford meat between the late 1980s and the early 1990s like many other scholars, stated by one of his aquaintances.
More interestingly, though he was fortunate enough to be buried in Shinmiri Patriotic Martyrs' Cemetery after his death in January, 1993, he was first cremated with 50 Liters of oil bought illegally, at a common funeral home&cremation service in Pyongyang's suburb, because the family have not heard from the Government after three days of mourning.
One of his sons, taken aback by the Government's apathy, went to see his friend in the Government's Central Committee, and bribed him with Craven A cigarettes, a bottle of hard liquor, and some cash in US dollars. After 12 days since, they finally received the command from Kim Jong-il to bury him in Shinmiri Patriotic Martyrs' Cemetery, with another funeral service.
When a person dies, normal citizens in North Korea would personally buy 50 Liters of oil to cremate the body. However, if the funeral is a national occasion, it would be held in Seojang-dong Funeral House, and the government would pay for the oil. Of course, this is a very rare case, pertaining to less than 0.1% among the close aides of Kim Il-sung or Kim Jong-il.
The reason the family would bribe their way to have a national funeral is because after the funeral, Kim Jong-il's signiture or his 'word' will be bestowed to them. This means an incentive to prospects of themselves and their children.
Many scientists deplored the miserable end of the prominent scholar, saying "the world is going to the dogs," while Kim Jong-hui had his funeral twice, “in honor.”
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